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How Big Is A Racquetball Court: Walls, Floor, Door, And Markings Specifications Guide

racquetball court indoor with doors closed

Last Updated: May 13, 2024

If you’ve recently found interest in the wonders of racquetball and have learned its basics, then your next step is to study the court.


Questions such as “How big is a racquetball court?” or “Why are there different walls in racquetball?” are often confusing, but we’ll make sure it’s a piece of cake for you!

We have provided information that will answer all of those questions jumbling on your mind, whether it’s indoor or outdoor racquetball.

Once you master the court, you will find it easy to master the rules which will ultimately make you a better player. Read further to learn the components of the court!

Parts Of An Indoor Racquetball Court

The indoor court is a fully enclosed rectangular court consisting of a floor, four walls, a ceiling, and a door. The racquetball court size is 40 feet long, 20 feet wide, and 20 feet high.


racquetball indoor court

The racquetball court floor measures 40 ft. long and 20 ft. wide.

Typically, the floor is made of an athletic floor system consisting of rubber pads, either a sleeper or plywood subfloor, and a maple wood floor covering.


The court walls consist of front and back walls as well as two side walls.

The front and back walls are 20 feet high and 20 feet wide, while the side walls are 20 feet high and 40 feet long.

Wooden Walls

The walls are made of laminate panels over a wooden core that is screwed onto a metal frame.

With this, you’ll be able to make longer contact with the ball giving yourself the chance to maneuver it in your desired direction.

Glass Walls

Typically, an indoor court has one glass wall (the back wall), but two glass walls (the back wall and one side wall) and three glass walls (the back wall and both side walls) are also used.

Multiple glass walls are common for tournaments wherein there’s a large audience.


racquetball indoor court door

The racquetball court door is typically 7 feet high and 3 feet and 6 inches wide. It is positioned in the middle of the back wall and opens inwards into the court.

The door is made of the same material as the back wall (either glass or wood) and fitted with a flush handle.

There’s also a latch or some other mechanism that prevents the door from opening in the middle of a game or hitting the back wall.


Indoor courts use artificial lighting on the ceiling such as LED or fluorescent light fixtures. Either one can be used as long as the entire court is illuminated evenly.

Parts of An Outdoor Racquetball Court

Unlike the indoor court, its outdoor counterpart has no back wall, ceiling, or a specific racquetball court size.

However, in major and official tournaments, the specifications of indoor courts are followed. 


racquetball court outdoor concrete floor

The outdoor court floor is made of either wooden planks (just like indoor floors) or concrete blocks.

However, concrete floors are more common since wood is more susceptible to damage from outdoor elements such as rain and snow.


The racquetball walls consist of concrete walls that are made using rebar, concrete blocks, and a mixture of cement and sand.

There are two wall classifications:

One Wall

As the name suggests, this classification consists of only one wall - the front wall.

Since there are no side walls, the front wall can be a few feet high, depending on the comfort of the players.

Three Wall

The three-wall classification uses the 20 feet width and height of the front wall. The side walls follow the same height on the end that is attached to the front wall

However, the other end of the side walls isn’t always 20 feet high. The side walls vary in shapes and can be classified as a full wall, angled, half-angled, or stepped-side.

man on racquetball court


Any form of outdoor lighting such as street lights or lamp posts is viable as long as the entire court can be seen clearly.

Racquetball Court Specifications

Learning the specifications of its court is necessary especially if you’re constructing your own. These apply to both indoor and outdoor matches.


The floor finish should be hard and smooth, as well as providing structural stability and resiliency.

The ball should bounce with an even pace and height throughout all areas of the floor.

From a bird’s eye view, the linear path of the ball must not be affected as it bounces on the floor.

Any color can be painted onto the floor as long as the coat is consistent and does not hide the appearance of the ball during gameplay. It should also be colored differently from the floor markings.


The court walls (especially glass walls) should be able to withstand balls, top racquetball racquets, and player impacts without sustaining any temporary or permanent damage to ensure safety.

The ball’s average reflectance upon hitting the wall should not be less than 80% under clean conditions. The ball should rebound consistently on all surfaces of the wall.

Each wall of the court should be constructed with the same materials with a smooth and hard finish. There shouldn’t be any protrusions or holes on the wall that may affect the ball’s rebound.

Any wall color is allowed as long as the coating and ball reflectance are consistent on all walls.

Door (Indoor Only)

The court door should have the same smoothness and ball rebound as the court walls. It should also be sturdy enough to sustain damage as described in CPSC-16 CRF Part 1201.

Whenever you open or close the door, it shouldn’t hit the adjacent wall. Additionally, it shouldn’t open on its own.

Frequently Asked Questions

How Many Walls Are There On A Racquetball Court?

The number of walls all depends on the type of racquetball you’re playing.

If it’s indoor racquetball, then the court automatically consists of four walls. However, in outdoor plays, there can only be one of three walls, their front wall is crucial while the back wall is non-existent.

What Are Racquetball Court Walls Made Of?

Let’s retackle what these court walls are made of.

Outdoor racquetball makes use of concrete walls made of basic materials like concrete. While indoor racquetball courts have either glass or wooden walls.

No matter what these walls are made of, one rule applies to all of them. It is that they should all be constructed with the same materials and provided a smooth and hard finish. 

What Are The Lines On A Racquetball Court?

These lines are more often called “markings”. These divide the court into zones and determine the boundaries while playing the game.

When setting up markings, it is recommended to use 1 ½ inch wide markings that are either red, white, or black. Ideally, all court markings are straight with the maximum variation from the correct position not exceeding ¼ inch.

This video explains the lines, especially serving lines, in a racquetball indoor court:

What Are The Important Parts Of A Racquetball Court?

For indoor racquetball, the important parts of the court are the floor, four walls, door, ceiling, and markings.

Meanwhile, those courts of an outdoor racquetball game are the floor, wall/s, and markings only.

How Many Square Feet Is A Racquetball Court?

You might be wondering, “How big is a racquetball court with all of these dimensions combined then?”

When it comes to indoor racquetball, the floor and ceiling are 20 feet wide and 40 feet long, so if you multiply, the total area is 800 square feet each.

The front and back walls are 20 feet high and 20 feet wide for a total of 400 square feet, while the side walls are 20 feet high and 40 feet long, so each side wall has 800 square feet.

An outdoor racquetball court has no specific measurements, so the total area of the court varies.

Closing Remarks

With the court comes the rules which make up the sport, so learning about the racquetball court dimensions will help you familiarize its overall gameplay.

Additionally, this knowledge is crucial if you’re planning to construct your court!

Nevertheless, we hope that this article provided you with the necessary knowledge to better feel the court, whether you play indoors or outdoors.

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