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How To Play Outdoor Racquetball - Proper Equipment To Use & Game Rules For Players

senior couple playing racquetball outside

Last Updated: June 12, 2024

Looking for a new sport to enjoy?


If you’re curious about how to play outdoor racquetball, you’re in the right place.

This game has its similarities to the famous indoor racquetball, but its differences are what make new players try it out.

In this article, we have provided all the necessary knowledge including a complete list of its rules.

Will this new sports interest you as well? Let’s see for ourselves! 

What Is Outdoor Racquetball?

Outdoor racquetball is a variant of the numerous racquet sports enjoyed by many.

This sport was invented by Joseph Sobek in 1950. He had the idea of adding a stringed racket to the game of paddleball increasing the amount of velocity during play.

Unlike usual racket sports, this one does not make use of any net or tin, all areas of the court (even its ceiling) is a legal playing surface.

It is fast-paced and played by two to four players per round. 

Outdoor Elements

man playing racquetball on a sunny day

The forces of nature present in the court of this sport are what make it so unique. The game is both difficult and easy at the same time, and everything depends on something we can’t control.

The ideal setting for an outdoor match would be a bright early sunny day, these are the times where all conditions are stable. 


When it comes to shirts and trunks, nylon and polyester type are highly recommended for their breathability. Wearing a shirt can also be optional if you and the crowd are comfortable with it.

Safety glasses like sunglasses are required to prevent any eye injuries during play. Hats and sunscreen should also be prioritized to save yourself from any sun damage.

Sweat and wrist bands along with athletic socks and the best shoes for racquetball can help keep you safe and comfortable during your matches.

Equipment To Use In Playing Racquetball

The Racket

The rackets used in this game consist of a fixed frame, strings, and a secure grip on its handle, just like any other racket.

The only guideline here is for its specifications to not exceed 22 inches. Other than that, it is up to you to choose the other features of your racket. 

The Ball

blue racquetball ball

This sport uses a rubber air-filled ball with a three-inch diameter. This ball should bounce lively, nothing at all rough like a tennis ball. 

The Court 

Unlike indoor racquetball that is played on a 20’ x 20’ x 40’ court while using its four walls, ceiling, and floor during a match, outdoor racquetball requires no specific racquetball court dimensions.

Doesn’t that make things more fun? You can play it almost anywhere!

In official rounds, it has two universal measurement types:

One Wall

This is more known as the basic setup.

By its name, we can already make out that this uses one wall upfront and no sidewalls. There isn’t really any specific height for the wall, as long as it is a few feet high and comfortable enough for the players.

Three Wall

three-wall court in a public park

A court with three walls specifically means one front wall and two side walls. In this type of racquetball, there is never a back wall.

In indoor racquetball, the front wall requires to be at least 20-feet high and wide. We will be using the same measurements for the sidewalls of its outdoor counterpart.

Rules In Playing Racquetball


Before a round begins, the court, no matter what size, should have its lines.

There is a variation in the lines used depending on the referee, but the necessary ones are the sidelines, backlines, and single service lines.

As long as the ball bounces inside the court, players are allowed to play on all of these lines.

Receiving lines are not acknowledged in outdoor racquetball. However, players are still not allowed to break the service box’s plane when swinging their rackets.

green and yellow court with markings


The players are called the moving crowd while the stationary crowd is the audiences.

It is a general rule for the players to protect and prevent putting the stationary crowd at any risk at all.

Hitting the ball before it enters the area of the stationary crowd is one way to abide by this rule. If the ball inevitably enters, the referee will stop the game and the ball will be considered dead.


Bevels are employed to keep the sides of the walls together. This area is often hit by the ball during a match.

Regardless of how many times or how it happened, as long as the ball bounces back into the game, it will be counted as a playable shot.


Racquetball; indoor and outdoor, follow the universal one-serve rule through all of their games.

Hitting Partner During Service

When a player performs a service, there is a big chance that they might hit their partner. This tends to hinder the accuracy of the serve.

Luckily, in outdoor racquetball, as long as your partner is in the box, you will be given another chance to perform a service.


If you hit your partner again, it will result in an out. 

Frequently Asked Questions

What's The Difference Between Indoor And Outdoor Racquetball

Let’s go over the differences that were mentioned in multiple sections above for a quick reminder.

Indoor racquetball requires a stationary 20’ x 20’ x 40’ court, it makes use of the ceilings, walls, and floor as a legal playing area. On the other hand, outdoor racquetballs have no court specifications at all.

They do not make use of ceilings, back walls, and even their sidewalls tend to vary which can affect your gameplay.

The court of this sport is always unfamiliar and unique and that is what makes people so interested in playing it. Having to adjust within different dimensions per location can be pretty challenging.

The indoor and outdoor racquetball rules do not differ that much.

To learn more about indoor and outdoor racquetball, watch this:

How Do You Play Racquetball Outside?

You must be wondering how to play outdoor racquetball with its general differences from indoor racquetball.

It’s not a very tough game, all you need to do is learn to aim and adjust through different weather conditions that will affect your play’s velocity, accuracy, and speed.

The rules are very simple, no matter where the ball goes, as long as it returns to the court and does not enter the stationary audience’s area, you can continue playing and be assured that it is a counted hit. 

Our Finishing Note

While outdoor racquetball may be viewed as improper and easy by some, we can look at it as an amazing sport that allows us to play and have fun almost anywhere.

With a game like this, we can interact, stay active, and meet new people of our interests.

We hope this article has helped you learn about the basics and uniqueness of outdoor racquetball and we’re hoping to see you play and enjoy this sport!

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